You Should Not Ignore These Early Warning Signs of Diabetes!
You Should Not Ignore These Early Warning Signs of Diabetes!
(You Should Not Ignore These Early Warning Signs of Diabetes!)
The sad truth is that nowadays many people suffer from type 2 diabetes. The early warning signs of diabetes can be easily overlooked. It is scary to think that one out of three people who have diabetes are not even aware of their problem.
It is important to detect diabetes as soon as possible since it is a serious condition that can cause dangerous complications, including cardiovascular and neurological damage. The person who suffers from diabetes can live a normal life and keep this disease under control with the right diet, exercise regimen and proper medication.
In order to act on it and protect your health, you must get informed about the early signs of diabetes.
Warning Signs of Diabetes
It is scary to think that in 2013, over 382 million people around the world suffered from diabetes, and 90% of them suffered from type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease that is characterized by the high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar (glucose) levels in the blood. You will experience some problems if the insulin is reduced or the cells do no respond to it properly. You will experience the following symptoms as a result:
- Frequent urination (polyuria): This can also be a warning sign of diabetes. Take actions if you notice that you have an urge to urinate more often than usual, and wake up during the night (sometimes several times) to empty your bladder. The excess glucose from the blood is removed more often since the kidneys start to work harder in order to get rid of them.
- Excessive thirst (polydipsia): This symptom is connected to the previous one. Your body will try to replenish the fluids.With the frequent urination you will constantly feel a need to have a drink.
- Increased hunger (polyphagia): The body will develop a sudden urge to eat due to the extreme highs and lows in the blood sugar levels. When cells do not get enough glucose, you crave it.
- Dry mouth: It is unpleasant but also dangerous to experience a lack of moisture in the mouth. Various oral and dental problems can be caused by the bacteria from the dry mouth. Gum disease can also be one of the symptoms of diabetes.
- Unexplained weight loss or weight gain: The body reacts as if it would be starving and starts using proteins from the muscles when the insulin cannot get glucose into the cells. It is not healthy to lose weight rapidly and unexplainably (10 to 20 pounds over a couple of months). If you experience something like this you need to investigate further. On the other hand, weight gain can be caused by increased consumption of sugary foods.
- Fatigue: When your body constantly compensates for the lack of glucose in the cells, you can develop excessive tiredness. It also does not help if your sleep gets interrupted by the urgency to urinate. People star to not feel well chronically and start to experience lower levels of energy. You will also feel irritable and will constantly be in a bad mood.
- Vision problems: The eyes are affected by the high blood sugar levels. The shape of the lens and eyes will change. Your vision will become blurry as a result. Your vision will get distorted and you may see occasional flashes of light. Initially, the changes of the eyes are reversible. However, you can permanently damage your eyes if the sugar levels stay high for a longer period of time. Be very careful because this can lead to eyesight loss.
- Headaches: Developing a headache is considered as an early sign of hyperglycemia (high blood glucose). That is because you will experience a headache when the blood sugar levels are elevated. The condition gets worse as the symptoms worsen.
- Infections, cuts and bruises that do not heal: Blood vessel damage is a consequence that is a classic sign of diabetes. The veins and arteries become less able to transport blood to where is needed due to the excessive amount of sugar. In this way the veins and arteries are not able to repair the damage, and the cuts and bruises remain unhealed.
- Yeast infections: Infections become more common since bacteria and fungi thrive in a sugary environment. The most frequent ones are yeast infections, such as candida, especially vaginal candida infections in women.
- Numbness and tingling in hands and feet: This symptom is connected to diabetes and can be a result of nerve damage (neuropathy). With the tingling and numbness, you may also experience burning pain and swelling. The nerve damage will become permanent if the sugar levels are not brought down. This is a serious complication of diabetes.
- Skin changes: You may notice a velvety dark skin (achantosisnigricans) on the neck, groin and armpit. Skin changes and itchiness, especially around the vaginal or groin area may also occur if you have diabetes.
- Sexual dysfunction: If you have diabetes different sexual problems may occur because it damages blood vessels and nerves in the sex organs. Vaginal dryness can be experienced by women. Difficulties with erections can occur in men. 35% to 75% of men with diabetes suffer from impotence.
See your doctor if you experience some of this symptoms! In that way you will be able to do a blood test and establish if you are indeed suffering from type 2 diabetes.
In order to give a reliable diagnosis, several tests are used and they need to be repeated. Your sugar levels are checked with the fasting plasma glucose test, after 8 hours of fasting.
You have diabetes if the blood sugar is above 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) on two occasions. The slightly lower values of 100 to 125 mg/dL are just as worrying. This is considered to be pre-diabetes.
If you have the right approach to life and health you can avoid all of the complications. Remember that type 2 diabetes is, to some degree, a preventable disease. You have influence over some of the risk factors:
- Being overweight- You are in the risk group if you have belly fat(visceral obesity)
- Physical inactivity
- Consuming unhealthy foods such as red meat, unhealthy fats and processed food. Your risk of diabetes is increased by 22% with drinking one can of soda a day.
If you avoid bad habits, keep your stress levels under control, exercise moderately and eat healthy, you will do a lot for your body and your overall health. The risk of diabetes increases as we get older.
That is why we need to take care of ourselves and promote a healthy lifestyle and stay active. Make drastic changes in your lifestyle and you will notice positive results!